The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap Report calculates that in 134 countries for which data is available, greater gender equality generally correlates positively with higher gross national income.

Gender Gap Report 2010, World Economic Forum, cited in UN Women Strategic Plan 2011-2013

Providing girls with an extra year of schooling increases their wages by 10-20% and women with more years of schooling have better maternal health, fewer and healthier children and greater economic opportunities.

Progress of the World's women 2009

Agricultural outputs in many Sub Saharan Africa countries could increase by up to 20% if women’s access to agricultural inputs was equal to men's

Despite agriculture being the most common source of work for rural women in most developing regions, just 20 percent of landholders in developing countries are women, and their landholdings are smaller than those of men.

FAO 2010 The State of Food and Agriculture 2010-2011

Globally, 53 percent of women work in vulnerable employment, with a rise to 80 percent in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Of the 215 million international migrants in 2010, half are women – the bulk concentrated in the unprotected informal manufacturing and service sector

World Migration Report 2010, International Organization for Migration

In sub-Saharan Africa, the lack of universal access to water means that women spend 40 billion hours a year collecting water – the equivalent of a year's worth of labour by the entire workforce of France

Progress of the World's Women 2009

Good practices


The following pages provide examples of countries' efforts to align Paris Declaration principles with Gender Equality Commitments.


Principle: Harmonization


In Pakistan, the Inter agency Gender and Development Group (INGAD), consisting of 31 members from bilateral, multilateral and IFIs, has developed a three year programme on gender equality and aid effectiveness for the period 2009-2012. The government of Norway provided funding of 26 million Pakistani Rupees (approximately USD 310,000.-) and UN Women is in the lead of the technical working group working on gender equality and aid effectiveness. The programme aims at following up on the findings of a 2008 analysis that provided information on key trends emerging around gender equality and aid effectiveness in Pakistan. Particular focus has been around coordination between the Ministry of Women's Development and the Economic Affairs Division (under the Ministry of Finances and in charge of aid coordination), Women's Parliamentarian Caucus and others as well as enhancing coordinated efforts by donors. The programme includes pilot innovative approaches of implementation of the Paris Declaration for gender equality, playing a key role in brokering dialogue and interaction between government and nongovernmental stakeholders. This is particularly enriched by both humanitarian and development focus in Pakistan in order to enhance and harmonize aid flow, in light of ongoing developments of the revised national development strategy, the aid effectiveness strategic framework of the government of Pakistan, the early recovery and relief interventions and funding mechanisms. In this regard, the use of gender markers is a tool which is being used to monitor donors and government commitments. The development of a national gender marker system is underway as part of the ongoing process. The 2008 study is being updated and a strategic action plan will be developed in preparation for the HLF4 in Busan and other processes at country level.


In Cameroon, the government is involved in public finance management reforms and is identifying the tools, processes and procedures that are needed to move towards performance based budgeting by 2013. UN Women is working with the government to ensure that gender equality and women's empowerment are central to the budget reform process through building the capacities of planners and budget officers to integrate a gender perspective in their planning and budgeting. Working with the multi donor committee (Comité Multi Bailleurs), the programme facilitates the use of GRB tools in the funding mechanisms of the donor committees. The programme has been active within the gender equality sub-group (GTEG) and civil society sub-groups of the Comité Multi Bailleurs. In particular, the Gender Equality Working Group (GTEG) conducted a workshop bringing together more than 30 senior officials from key ministries and NGOs with the aim to sensitize the donor sub-group that is leading discussions on public finance management on integrating gender equality issues into the work of the committee. A joint 2011 GRB action plan was produced to provide guidance to donors on integrating a gender perspective into public finance management reforms.


In Peru, the Donor Roundtable on Gender Equality (Mesa de Género de la Cooperación Internacional/MESAGEN) is an interagency donor working group on gender that supports the Peruvian government and civil society in defining policies, strategies and actions to promote gender equality and the empowerment of women. By 2009, MESAGEN was comprised of 28 Development Cooperation Agencies including: CIDA, AECID, World Bank, CEPIS, UNIC, European Union, SDC, DED, DFID, FAO, GIZ, IICA, JICA, UNODC, UNAIDS, PAHO , WFP, UNDP, SNV (Dutch Cooperation Service), UNESCO, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNIFEM (UN WOMEN today) USAID, and the embassies of Belgium, Italy and the Netherlands. The coordination task rotates every 24 months and is currently assumed by UNFPA. The MESAGEN monitors commitments and international agreements related to girls and women's empowerment, and coordinates actions and strategies of international development cooperation agencies with regard to gender equity. MESSAGEN supported and pushed forward some key campaigns, including the campaign on violence against women in Peru. Through MESSAGEN publicity was given to the issue of sexual and domestic violence in the country. MESSAGEN supported the Peruvian government and civil society in defining policies to promote gender equality and promoted and disseminated studies related to compliance with international standards of Gender Equality including CEDAW and the Beijing PfA. It also evaluated national initiatives that promote the participation of women and played an important role in providing technical assistance to the Women and Human Development Ministry.

In Nepal, UN Women is a partner in a large-scale multi-donor programme implemented by the Ministry of Local Development called the Local Governance and Community Development Programme (LGCDP). More than ten multi-lateral and bilateral donors and six UN agencies participate in the programme, which has a budget of over USD 422 million and covers the entire country. LGCDP is a national programme of support for decentralization, local governance and community development. The programme aims to contribute to overall state restructuring processes by making the state at the local level more accountable to citizens in regards to the allocation of discretionary fiscal resources, increased block grants and own-source revenues. The programme's overall goal is to contribute to poverty reduction through inclusive, responsive and accountable local governance and participatory community-led development that will ensure increased involvement of women, Dalits, Adibasi Janjatis, Madhesis, Muslims and other disadvantaged groups in the local governance process. Programme stakeholders meet in thematic groups with UN Women participating in the Gender Equality and Social Inclusion (GESI) thematic group along with the ADB and other United Nations agencies. UN Women also participates in the capacity development, monitoring and evaluation and social mobilization group, providing guidance on incorporating a gender perspective in monitoring and evaluation. This provides access to the wider dialogue mechanisms with donors and implementing partners, allowing the programme to influence implementation and monitoring of the LGCDP programme from a gender perspective.