Progress since Paris: How are countries doing on gender equality?
The absence of gender sensitive indicators in the Paris Declaration (PD) monitoring framework, despite commitments to gender equality in the Paris Declaration and Accra Agenda for Action, has meant that governments had no incentive to draw up measures for ensuring that aid contributes to the achievement of gender equality. At the HLF 3 in Accra, AWID, UNIFEM (now UN Women) and other organizations put forth several proposals for indicators that could supplement the 12 indicators agreed in the Paris Declaration. These efforts culminated in the successful inclusion of three gender-related indicators in the 2011 Paris Declaration monitoring survey, thanks to efforts of the OECD DAC/GENDERNET. The Indicators identified under the survey's optional module on gender equality are:
- Gender equality and women's empowerment are grounded in a systematic manner in national development strategies (ownership)
- Data is disaggregated by sex (managing for gender equality results)
- Mutual accountability for gender equality and women's empowerment (assessing whether mutual review of progress in implementing agreed commitments on aid effectiveness involve women's machinery and CSOs and examine progress on gender equality commitments and women's empowerment).
The gender equality module was one of two optional modules that donors and national governments were invited to report on, on a voluntary basis. OECD GENDERNET intends to analyze the submissions from countries reporting on this module to deepen understanding of the linkages between gender equality and aid effectiveness. The country submissions on the gender module will also be a key contribution to the discussions in Busan and beyond on the extent to which developing countries and donors are taking concrete measures to ensure that the instruments and processes related to the aid effectiveness agenda respond to gender equality commitments.
For gender equality advocates, the optional module was a valuable opportunity to encourage governments to report on their efforts to address gender equality concerns within the framework of the aid effectiveness agenda. In total, 82 countries participated in the 2011 PD survey out of which 20 countries have submitted responses to the gender module thanks to the efforts of gender equality advocates -including national partners on gender responsive budgeting from ministries of finance, planning, women and sector ministries.