The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap Report calculates that in 134 countries for which data is available, greater gender equality generally correlates positively with higher gross national income.

Gender Gap Report 2010, World Economic Forum, cited in UN Women Strategic Plan 2011-2013

Providing girls with an extra year of schooling increases their wages by 10-20% and women with more years of schooling have better maternal health, fewer and healthier children and greater economic opportunities.

Progress of the World's women 2009

Agricultural outputs in many Sub Saharan Africa countries could increase by up to 20% if women’s access to agricultural inputs was equal to men's

Despite agriculture being the most common source of work for rural women in most developing regions, just 20 percent of landholders in developing countries are women, and their landholdings are smaller than those of men.

FAO 2010 The State of Food and Agriculture 2010-2011

Globally, 53 percent of women work in vulnerable employment, with a rise to 80 percent in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Of the 215 million international migrants in 2010, half are women – the bulk concentrated in the unprotected informal manufacturing and service sector

World Migration Report 2010, International Organization for Migration

In sub-Saharan Africa, the lack of universal access to water means that women spend 40 billion hours a year collecting water – the equivalent of a year's worth of labour by the entire workforce of France

Progress of the World's Women 2009

Good practices


Progress since Paris: How are countries doing on gender equality?


The absence of gender sensitive indicators in the Paris Declaration (PD) monitoring framework, despite commitments to gender equality in the Paris Declaration and Accra Agenda for Action, has meant that governments had no incentive to draw up measures for ensuring that aid contributes to the achievement of gender equality. At the HLF 3 in Accra, AWID, UNIFEM (now UN Women) and other organizations put forth several proposals for indicators that could supplement the 12 indicators agreed in the Paris Declaration. These efforts culminated in the successful inclusion of three gender-related indicators in the 2011 Paris Declaration monitoring survey, thanks to efforts of the OECD DAC/GENDERNET. The Indicators identified under the survey's optional module on gender equality are:


  • Gender equality and women's empowerment are grounded in a systematic manner in national development strategies (ownership)
  • Data is disaggregated by sex (managing for gender equality results)
  • Mutual accountability for gender equality and women's empowerment (assessing whether mutual review of progress in implementing agreed commitments on aid effectiveness involve women's machinery and CSOs and examine progress on gender equality commitments and women's empowerment).


The gender equality module was one of two optional modules that donors and national governments were invited to report on, on a voluntary basis. OECD GENDERNET intends to analyze the submissions from countries reporting on this module to deepen understanding of the linkages between gender equality and aid effectiveness. The country submissions on the gender module will also be a key contribution to the discussions in Busan and beyond on the extent to which developing countries and donors are taking concrete measures to ensure that the instruments and processes related to the aid effectiveness agenda respond to gender equality commitments.


For gender equality advocates, the optional module was a valuable opportunity to encourage governments to report on their efforts to address gender equality concerns within the framework of the aid effectiveness agenda. In total, 82 countries participated in the 2011 PD survey out of which 20 countries have submitted responses to the gender module thanks to the efforts of gender equality advocates -including national partners on gender responsive budgeting from ministries of finance, planning, women and sector ministries.